Tonsillectomies are performed on patients who have had recurrent attacks of tonsillitis, which begin as a severe sore throat associated with fever, headaches, chills and muscle pain. Tonsillitis is the inflamed condition of the tonsils due to infection. The adenoids are located high in the rear of the throat, behind the nasal cavity. Together, the tonsils and the adenoids form a ring of tissue that probably helps build an immunity to bacteria entering the throat area. The crypts and crevices of the tonsils and adenoids sometimes become filled with bacteria and old cells, which accumulate and cause infection and swelling. The tonsils and adenoids may become permanently so enlarged that they interfere with breathing and swallowing. It is not always necessary to remove both the tonsils and the adenoids; however, they often become infected together and are usually removed at the same time.
It is important that you begin taking fluids as soon as possible. The sooner you are able to take fluids, the sooner your throat soreness will go away. The usual hospital stay is one to two days because bleeding is the most common complication and usually occurs within the first 24 hours post-op. You may experience some ear pain after surgery around the fifth to seventh day.